Area: 17,818 sq. km.
Neighbouring countries: Iraq to the North and West, Saudi Arabia to the South
Capital City: Kuwait City
Other Cities: Jahrah, Salmiyah
Ethnic groups: Arabs, Asians
Languages: Arab (official), English
Currency: Kuwaiti Dinar
Member of: CCG (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf), Arab League, OIC (Organisation of the Islamic Conference), UN, OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and WTO (World Trade Organization)
(De Agostini, Jan. 2008)
Scantily populated up to the 16th century, British Protectorate in 1899, Kuwait obtained independence on the 19th June 1961, and is today a constitutional monarchy. The Constitution holds Islam as the State religion and the Sharia as the “main basis for legislation”.
The population is about 2,5 million (UN Statistics 2008). The Christians (mainly Catholics) are over 12% (Statistical Yearbook of the Church 2008).
Relations with the Holy See
Kuwait has diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Apostolic Nuncio is Mgr. Rajic Petar, tit. archbishop of Sarsenterum (2nd Dec. 2009), also Nuncio to the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Qatar.
BENEDICT XVI TO THE BISHOPS OF CELRA – CONFERENCE OF LATIN BISHOPS OF THE ARAB REGION: Nevertheless, it is essential to give firm support and encouragement to those who choose to remain faithful to their homeland in order to prevent it from becoming an archaeological site deprived of ecclesial life
BENEDICT XVI TO THE AMBASSADOR OF KUWAIT, ON THE OCCASION OF THE PRESENTATION OF HIS CREDENTIALS: Kuwait’s national life is characterized by the presence of significant minorities, including a high number of resident foreign workers. Their presence in your country is itself a source of enrichment and a constant incentive to establish the conditions necessary for peaceful coexistence and social progress…