Area: 11,525 sq. km.
Neighbouring countries: Saudi Arabia to the West, United Arab Emirates to the South
Capital City: Doha
Other Cities: Dukhan, Umm Said
Ethnic groups: Arabs 53%, Iranians 17%, Indians and Pakistanis 15%, Others 15%
Currency: Qatari Riyal
Member of: CCG (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf), Arab League, OIC (Organisation of the Islamic Conference), UN, OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) and WTO (World Trade Organization)
(De Agostini, Jan. 2008)
A British Protectorate gaining independence in 1971, Qatar is today a hereditary Monarchy. The Constitution defines Islam as State religion and Muslim Law as the main basis for legislation.
The population is about 1.5 million (UN Statistics 2008). The Catholics are about 7%. (Source: Statistical Yearbook of the Church 2008).
Relations with the Holy See
Qatar has diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Apostolic Nuncio is Mgr. Rajic Petar, tit. archbishop of Sarsenterum (2nd Dec. 2009), also Nuncio to the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Kuwait.
BENEDICT XVI TO THE BISHOPS OF CELRA – CONFERENCE OF LATIN BISHOPS OF THE ARAB REGION: Nevertheless, it is essential to give firm support and encouragement to those who choose to remain faithful to their homeland in order to prevent it from becoming an archaeological site deprived of ecclesial life
JOHN PAUL II TO THE AMBASSADOR OF QATAR, ON THE OCCASION OF THE PRESENTATION OF HIS CREDENTIALS: Globalization … Expresses the acquisition of an awareness that "there are values which are common to all cultures because they are rooted in the nature of the person…