Area: 527.968 sq. km.
Neighbouring countries: Saudi Arabia to the North, Oman to the East
Capital City: Sana’a
Other Cities: Aden, Ta’izz, Al Hudaydah
Ethnic groups: Yemenis 93%, Somalis 3%, Asians 1%, Others 1%
Currency: Riyal of Yemen
Member of: Arab League, OIC (Organisation of the Islamic Conference) and UN
(De Agostini, Jan. 2008)
The Republic of Yemen is born on the 22nd May 1990 of the union of North Yemen (Republic since 26th November 1962) and South Yemen (British Protectorate, independent since 20th November 1967). Today Yemen is a Presidential Republic.
According to the Constitution, Islam is the State religion and the Sharia is the basis for all legislation.
The population is about 22 million (UN Statistics 2008). The Catholics are about 4 thousand. (Statistical Yearbook of the Church 2008)
Relations with the Holy See
Yemen has diplomatic relations with the Holy See. The Apostolic Nuncio is Mgr. Rajic Petar, tit. archbishop of Sarsenterum (27th Mar. 2010), also Nuncio to the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar.
BENEDICT XVI TO THE BISHOPS OF CELRA – CONFERENCE OF LATIN BISHOPS OF THE ARAB REGION: Nevertheless, it is essential to give firm support and encouragement to those who choose to remain faithful to their homeland in order to prevent it from becoming an archaeological site deprived of ecclesial life