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     Home > Justice & Peace >  2013-12-13 17:26:06
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Government of Democratic Republic of Congo signs Agreement wth M23 Rebels

The government of the Democratic Republic of Congo signed a peace agreement with M23 rebels on Thursday in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi. The ceremony was witnessed by Uganda’s president Yoweri Museveni, who chaired the talks, and the President of Malawi, Joyce Banda, the Chairperson of the Southern African Development Community SADC, which sent troops under the umbrella of the African Union that inflicted the decisive defeat on the rebels. According to the provisions of the agreement, the rebel movement accepted to end its rebellion and to transform itself into a political party. Its troops will be demobilized and its members will be granted an amnesty for acts of insurgency but not for war crimes and crimes against humanity. On its part the government in Kinshasa will release people whom it arrested for being members or sympathizers of the M23 movement. The movement was born two years ago after the defection of former rebels from the Congolese army on grounds that the Congolese government had failed to honour an agreement it signed with them to end a previous rebellion. The rebels went ahead to humiliate the Congolese national army and the United Nations troops by taking the town of Goma from them in November last year, in addition to inflicting on them several other defeats. The rebels were defeated and driven out of easten Congo last month by an African Union force composed of soldiers from South Africa, Malawi and Tanzania.


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